Why Does My rabbit Pee On Me?

Why Does My rabbit Pee On Me?

Rabbits are adorable and lovable animals, but they can sometimes exhibit unwanted behaviors such as peeing on their owners or outside of their litter boxes. Unwanted urination is a common issue faced by many pet owners, including those who have rabbits as pets. But why does your rabbit pee on you?

Rabbits peeing on their owners is usually a sign that they claim you as their territory and mark you as part of their social group. It is also possible that they feeling anxious or stressed and are using urine as a way to alleviate these feelings.

In this article, we will discuss the various reasons why rabbits may pee on their owners, their beds, or outside of their litter boxes, as well as tips to prevent and address this behavior.

Why Does My Rabbit Pee On Me?

1. Urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence refers to the inability to control urination voluntarily, resulting in the involuntary leakage of urine. In rabbits, urinary incontinence can be caused by a variety of factors, including aging, neurological disorders, and underlying medical conditions such as bladder stones or infections.

Rabbits suffering from urinary incontinence may exhibit frequent urination or dribbling of urine, which can result in wet fur and skin irritation. This condition can be uncomfortable and stressful for rabbits, leading to decreased appetite, lethargy, and a decreased quality of life.

If you suspect that your rabbit is suffering from urinary incontinence, it’s important to consult with a veterinarian. Your vet may recommend diagnostic tests, such as a urinalysis or blood work, to identify any underlying medical conditions that may be causing the condition.

2. Medical issues

Medical issues can be a significant cause of unwanted urination in rabbits. Several medical conditions can affect a rabbit’s urinary system, causing them to urinate outside of their litter box or on their owners. Some of the most common medical issues that can lead to unwanted urination in rabbits include:

  • Bladder stones: Bladder stones are a buildup of minerals in the bladder that can cause pain, discomfort, and difficulty urinating in rabbits. This can lead to them urinating outside of their litter box.
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI): UTIs are bacterial infections that can occur in a rabbit’s bladder or urinary tract. This can cause them to experience painful urination, blood in their urine, and frequent urination outside of their litter box.
  • Bladder sludge: Bladder sludge refers to a buildup of minerals in the bladder that can cause irritation and discomfort for rabbits. This can lead to frequent urination outside of their litter box.
  • Kidney disease: Kidney disease can affect a rabbit’s ability to filter waste from its body, leading to an increase in urination and difficulty controlling its bladder.
  • Cancer: Some forms of cancer, such as bladder or kidney cancer, can cause rabbits to urinate outside of their litter box.

If you suspect that your rabbit may be experiencing any of these medical issues, it’s important to seek veterinary care immediately.

3. Stress and anxiety

Stress and anxiety are also common causes of your rabbit peeing on you. Rabbits are sensitive animals and can become easily stressed in certain situations. Stress and anxiety can result in increased urination, as rabbits may lose control over their bladder or become too afraid to use their litter box.

Some common sources of stress and anxiety for rabbits include loud noises, sudden movements, unfamiliar surroundings, and changes in routine. Rabbits may also become stressed if they are kept in an environment that is too small or not stimulating enough.

4. Marking territory

Another reason why rabbits may pee on their owners or around their living area is to mark their territory. Rabbits are territorial animals and use urine as a way to mark their territory and communicate with other rabbits.

Unneutered male rabbits are more likely to mark their territory through urine, as they have a stronger urge to establish their dominance and attract mates. However, female rabbits can also exhibit marking behavior, especially if they feel threatened or stressed.

To prevent marking behavior in rabbits, it is important to ensure that they are spayed or neutered. This can help to reduce their urge to mark their territory through urine and make them less aggressive.

5. Dominance

Dominance is another reason why rabbits may pee on their owners. This behavior is typically exhibited by unneutered male rabbits, but can also occur in female rabbits.

Dominance urination is a way for rabbits to establish their dominance over other rabbits or humans. This behavior is often triggered by changes in the social hierarchy, such as the introduction of a new rabbit or changes in the living environment.

6. Scent marking

Scent marking is a natural behavior exhibited by rabbits and is another reason why they may pee on their owners or around their living area. This is a way for rabbits to communicate with other rabbits and establish their territory.

Rabbits have scent glands located around their body, including their chin, cheeks, and feet, which they use to mark their territory. They may also use urine to scent mark their territory, especially if they feel threatened or stressed.

7. Lack of training

A lack of training can also be a reason why rabbits may pee on their owners or around their living area. Rabbits can be trained to use a litter box just like cats, and if they are not properly trained, they may be more likely to urinate in inappropriate areas.

To train your rabbit to use a litter box, it’s important to start by providing them with a clean and appropriately sized litter box. Place the litter box in an easily accessible location and fill it with suitable litter materials, such as paper-based litter or wood shavings.

When you first introduce your rabbit to the litter box, place them in it and allow them to explore it. If they begin to urinate, praise them and provide them with a treat to reinforce the behavior.

Note that, consistency is key when it comes to litter box training. Make sure to provide your rabbit with a clean litter box and change the litter regularly. If your rabbit urinates in an inappropriate area, clean the area thoroughly to remove the scent and place the litter box in that area.

8. Trauma

Trauma can also be a reason why rabbits may exhibit unwanted urination. Rabbits that have experienced trauma, such as rough handling or frightening events, may exhibit changes in behavior, including increased anxiety and stress.

In some cases, rabbits may urinate as a way to release tension and reduce their anxiety when they are frightened or stressed.

This behavior can also be seen in rabbits that have experienced traumatic events, such as being chased by a predator or exposed to a loud noise.

9. Sign of love

It is important to note that while unwanted urination can be a frustrating behavior for rabbit owners, it’s not always a sign of misbehavior or disobedience. In some cases, rabbits may urinate on their owners.

Rabbits are social animals that thrive on companionship and physical contact. When they are happy and content, they may exhibit affectionate behaviors such as nudging, grooming, licking, and even urinating on their owners.

While this behavior can be messy and inconvenient, it is important to understand that it is often a sign that your rabbit feels comfortable and secure in your presence. It is also important to note that this behavior is more commonly seen in unspayed or unneutered rabbits, as hormonal changes can increase their desire to mark their territory as a way to display affection.

Learn more about “how rabbits show affection”

How to Stop Your Rabbit From Peeing on You

Stopping your rabbit from peeing on you can be a challenging but important process. Here are some tips to help you discourage this behavior:

1. Understand the reason

As we discussed earlier, there can be several reasons why your rabbit may be peeing on you. It’s important to understand the root cause of the behavior to address it properly.

2. Provide a litter box

Ensure that your rabbit has access to a clean and appropriately sized litter box. Place it in a convenient location and encourage your rabbit to use it by placing some of its droppings inside the litter box. When you see your rabbit using the litter box, offer them positive reinforcement, such as treats or verbal praise.

3. Limit access

If your rabbit tends to pee on you while they are out of its cage, consider limiting its access to certain areas of your home or using a playpen to keep them contained.

4. Observe their behavior

Pay attention to your rabbit’s body language and behavior. If you notice signs that your rabbit may need to urinate, such as pacing or sniffing, place them in their litter box immediately.

5. Spay or neuter your rabbit

If your rabbit is not already spayed or neutered, this may help to reduce unwanted urination behavior caused by hormonal changes.

6. Positive reinforcement

When your rabbit urinates in their litter box, offer positive reinforcement such as treats, verbal praise, or petting. This will help to reinforce the desired behavior and encourage them to continue using the litter box.

7. Use a towel or blanket

When you are holding your rabbit, place a towel or blanket over your lap or shoulder to protect your clothing. This can also help to absorb any urine if your rabbit does have an accident.

8. Schedule playtime after eating and using the litter box

Make sure that your rabbit has eaten and used their litter box before you take them out to play or spend time with them. This can help to reduce the likelihood of accidents.

9. Keep your rabbit clean

Make sure that your rabbit is groomed and has a clean living environment. Rabbits may be more likely to urinate on their owners if they are uncomfortable or have a dirty fur coat.

10. Use a deterrent

Consider using a scent deterrent, such as white vinegar or citrus, in areas where your rabbit is likely to urinate. This can help to discourage the behavior by making the area less appealing.

11. Monitor their diet

Pay attention to your rabbit’s diet and make sure that they are getting enough fiber and water. A diet that is low in fiber can lead to gastrointestinal problems, which can cause your rabbit to urinate more frequently.

12. Consistency

Be consistent in your approach to training your rabbit to use the litter box and avoid punishing them for unwanted urination. This can create fear and anxiety in your rabbit, which can worsen the behavior.

How to Clean Your Rabbit Pee Stain

Cleaning up a pee stain left by your rabbit can be a little challenging, but it’s important to clean it up thoroughly to prevent any lingering odors or stains. Here’s how to do it:

1. Blot up as much urine as possible

As soon as you notice the stain, grab a paper towel or a clean cloth and blot up as much of the urine as possible. Press down firmly to soak up as much moisture as you can.

2. Use an enzymatic cleaner

Once you have blotted up as much urine as possible, use an enzymatic cleaner designed specifically for pet urine to clean the area. Enzymatic cleaners contain special enzymes that break down the proteins in urine, which can help to remove the stain and odors.

Follow the instructions on the cleaner carefully, and make sure to let it sit for the recommended amount of time before wiping it up.

3. Rinse the area

After using the enzymatic cleaner, rinse the area with water to remove any remaining cleaner or urine. Blot the area with a clean cloth or paper towel to remove the excess water.

4. Dry the area

Once you have rinsed the area, use a clean towel or paper towel to dry it thoroughly. If the area is still wet, your rabbit may be more likely to pee on it again.

5. Repeat if necessary

If the stain and odor persist after the first cleaning, you may need to repeat the process or try a different cleaning solution.

It is important to avoid using cleaning products that contain ammonia or bleach, as these can make the urine smell worse and may encourage your rabbit to continue peeing in that area.

Additionally, avoid using steam cleaners, as the heat can set the stain and odor in the carpet or upholstery. By acting quickly and using the right cleaning products, you can effectively clean up pee stains left by your rabbit and prevent any lingering odors or stains in your home.

Why does my rabbit spray pee on me?

Your rabbit may spray pee on you for various reasons. One of these is to claim you as their own and show affection towards you. On the other hand, being frightened or averse to being picked up may cause them to act out by spraying.

Additionally, during puberty, rabbits are more likely to mark their territory by leaving their scent everywhere, including with their urine which has a strong odor.

If your rabbit values your presence, you may end up being included in their “to-be-sprayed” list. Beyond this, rabbits may spray due to heightened emotions such as excitement, anger, or fear.


Why Does My Bunny Pee Where I Sit?

One possible reason why your bunny might be peeing where you sit is to mark its territory. Bunnies are naturally territorial animals, and they use urine to communicate and establish their ownership of a particular space. By urinating in an area where you often sit, your bunny may be trying to assert its dominance and claim that spot as its own.

Bunnies have scent glands located on their chins, which they use to mark objects and areas with their scent. When they urinate, they release pheromones that contain their unique scent, signaling to other rabbits or animals that the area is already claimed.

By peeing where you sit, your bunny might be attempting to establish its presence and prevent any perceived intruders from encroaching on its territory.


Rabbits may pee on their owners due to a variety of reasons, including medical issues, stress and anxiety, marking territory, dominance, lack of training, and trauma. It is essential to identify the underlying cause of the behavior and take appropriate measures to address it.

This may involve medical treatment, behavior modification techniques, or providing a more comfortable and secure environment for the rabbit.

With patience and consistency, it is possible to prevent or manage unwanted urination in rabbits and strengthen the bond between them and their owners.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *